Newborn Hearing Screening
The majority of infants born in hospitals are screened for hearing before going home. This type of hearing test uses small headphones and electrodes that attach to the baby’s skin. A soft clicking sound is played in each ear, and a computer measures the brain’s response to the sound. The baby sleeps during this short, painless test. Babies who did not receive a hearing screening at birth should be screened within the first month of life.
Pediatric Hearing Evaluation
There are numerous tests that are used to evaluate children depending on their age and type of hearing difficulties. Newborns and young children may be tested utilizing special test such that evaluate the response of the auditory system and do not require a response from the child. Older children are evaluated using more conventional techniques that may be modified for their age level.
Auditory Processing Disorder (APD)
Hearing acuity is only one part in the processing that occurs in the auditory system. There are many people, both children and adults, who have no trouble with actual hearing acuity, that is to say that the hearing is normal, but who have other types of auditory difficulties. Auditory processing is the ability to interpret the sounds that one has heard. In central auditory processing, the brain must identify the incoming sounds and make an analysis of those sounds and attach meaning to them. For instance, a person can have normal hearing but may have problems following directions or understanding conversations in noisy environments. They may have trouble sequencing a story of following a sequence of instructions. Because these individuals have normal hearing acuity, auditory processing problems may not be readily identified and may be mislabeled as a behavior problem or attention deficit disorder. In other words, auditory processing is what the listener does with the auditory information he/she receives.
Swim molds are custom made molds that are used to prevent water from getting into the ear canal. They are very useful when there is a hole or tube in the eardrum.